With the recent news about recalled pet foods from overseas and other places due to salmonella and other reasons, it’s only natural that some folks want to make homemade meals for their beloved fur babies. More and more people are opting to do so and it’s wonderful if you decide to. In order to properly home-cook for your pets though, you should first have a basic knowledge of canine nutritional needs being that dogs can develop many of the same diseases that we can. My dog was just diagnosed with diabetes and is currently on a keto diet! And, even more important, a thorough knowledge of human foods that are toxic to your dog.
Some foods which are safe for humans can be poisonous for our canine companions. It’s especially important to watch out for these especially around the holidays when we and others around us don’t have our guard up as much or well meaning, unknowing friends may give our furry friend a hand out that perhaps may be harmful for them.
Here is a list of 25 common human foods that are toxic to dogs.
When in doubt, always check with your vet.
- Onions, Garlic, Chives (Both onions and garlic contain the toxic ingredient Thiosulphate. But onions are more of a danger. Can lead to red blood cell damage.
Many dog biscuits contain *small* amounts of garlic – garlic contains less of this toxin so huge amounts would need to be consumed to be toxic. And, by the way, this poison builds up the system – it can be toxic in one large dose – or with repeated consumption of small amounts.)
2) Chocolate (Chocolate contains Theobromine, a compound that is a cardiac stimulant and a diuretic. This can be fatal to dogs.)
3) Grapes (Grapes are dangerous because of an unknown substance which is toxic to dogs – can lead to kidney failure)
4) Raisins (See above.)
5) Most Fruit Pits and Seeds (Contain Cyanogenic Glycosides resulting in cyanide poisoning – though the fruit itself is OK.)
6) Macadamia Nuts (Macadamia nuts contain an unknown substance that is toxic to dogs.) they can cause weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors and hyperthermia in dogs. Signs usually appear within 12 hours of ingestion and can last approximately 12 to 48 hours.
Other nuts, including almonds, pecans, and walnuts, contain high amounts of oils and fats. The fats can cause vomiting and diarrhea, and potentially pancreatitis in pets.
7) Most Bones should *not* be given (especially chicken bones) because they can splinter and cause laceration of the digestive system and/or become lodged in your pet’s throat – so they also pose a choking hazard.
8) Rhubarb – The stalk is not considered toxic but the leaves are and can lead to kidney failure.
Rheum rhabarbarium, commonly referred to as rhubarb, is a herbaceous perennial with fleshy red stalks and large triangular leaves. All parts of the rhubarb plant contain soluble calcium oxalate crystals, although they are concentrated in the large leaves. Oxalate crystals can cause intense pain and irritation when chewed or swallowed.
This irritation, combined with an unpleasant taste, usually prevents animals from doing more than sampling the plant. However, some pets will work past the pain as they chew and on rare occasions, a dog may eat larger amounts of plant material.
9) Broccoli (Broccoli is only toxic in large quantities.)
10) Green parts of Tomatoes or Green Potatoes(Contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems.) Potato Peelings too (Contain Oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems.)
11) Yeast Dough (Yeast Dough can produce gas and swell in your pet’s stomach – leading to rupture of the digestive system) This can be painful and can cause the stomach to bloat, and potentially twist, becoming a life threatening emergency. The yeast produce ethanol as a by-product and a dog ingesting raw bread dough can become drunk. (see alcohol)
12) Coffee/Coffee Grounds and Tea ( are dangerous due to the caffeine.)
13) Beer/Wine/Alcohol of any kind – Despite Hooch drinking beer in the movie Turner and Hooch it is definitely not recommended. (Alcohol of any kind could lead to coma or even death.)
14) Human Vitamins (Human vitamins, especially those containing iron, can cause damage to the lining of the digestive system as well as cause kidney and liver damage)
15) Moldy or Spoiled Food (this goes without saying but dogs are notorious for getting into the garbage at times)
16) Persimmons (Persimmons can cause intestinal blockage)
17) Raw Eggs/Raw Meat – Salmonella or e Coli
18) Raw Fish (Raw eggs and some raw fish can cause Salmonella poisoning.)
19) Salt, Baking Soda, Baking Powder (In large amounts these can cause an electrolyte imbalance – and severe electrolyte imbalances can lead to muscle spasm or even congestive heart failure.)
20) Mushrooms (Mushrooms may contain toxins which could cause liver and kidney damage)
21) Sugar-Free Foods (Sugar-free foods containing Xylitol have been found to cause liver failure in some dogs.)
22) Nutmeg (Nutmeg can cause tremors, seizures, and central nervous system damage.)
23) Excessive Fatty Foods (Excess fatty foods can cause Pancreatitis.)
24) Avocado (All parts of the avocado and avocado tree are toxic to dogs.)
25) Dairy Products (Dairy products don’t usually pose a great danger; but many dairy product have high fat content (see number 23) – and many pets are lactose intolerant – some pets more than others.
Lactose intolerance leads to gas and diarrhea; though small amounts of yogurt and cheese are usually fairly well tolerated.)
In addition: Large amounts of salt can produce excessive thirst and urination, and even sodium ion poisoning in some pets. Signs that your pet may of eaten too many salty foods include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, seizures, elevated body temperature or even death. Avoid feeding salt laden snacks like potato chips, salted popcorn to your dog.
Keep these 25 toxic foods in mind when cooking for your dog. And always ask your vet when in doubt about anything concerning your pet.
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