Emotional disorders in children and adolescents

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Childhood and adolescence are a fragile period during which the developing person continually faces new and new trials, each climbed peak is immediately overshadowed by another – even higher. Driving your way through life, the child acquires more and more new skills – including emotional – builds personality, emotional integrity and ability to adapt to conditions and to function successfully in society.

Child and adolescent age are difficult not only for those who go through it, but also for their relatives – they sometimes wonder the child’s reactions and attitudes about whether they are “normal” or something that is wrong. It seems easier to say in cases of hyperkinetic disorder or when the child shows aggression or even cruelty.

Unfortunately, this can not be said for emotional disorders, the symptoms of which are too often perceived by others as typical of the normal development of children. Diagnosing and seeking help is only available when the disorder causes serious problems in the school and difficult adaptation of the child there.

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Emotional disorders in childhood and adolescence include mainly anxiety, depressive, and anxious states that have various causes and are generally transient and reversible. However, there is a link between these disorders in childhood and the neurotic states in adults.

School performance is most affected, where failure, impairment and impairment of child’s social integration can be achieved with long-term consequences.

Narrowing, fears and inability to fully participate in social situations often bring the child a sense of inferiority .

Traumatic events are often blamed in childhood, and it is true that they often cause the onset of the disorder, but should not be seen as a major cause of its occurrence.

Every age – with his own fear

For different ages, for different fears – for example, in newborns, there is a fear of loss of closeness and physical contact with the mother, at the age of 6-8 the child shows shyness and fear of strangers. At 12-18 months of age, the fear of separation takes place. For 2-5 year olds it is normal to fear dark, water, fire, thunder, animals, etc. By the age of 7 there is the fear of abstract imprecation – death, monsters, diseases, natural disasters. After 12 years of age there is fear of failure, fear of being rejected.

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So – it’s normal for the 3-year-old to be afraid of the dark, but we can not say that for the 12-year-old. In emotional disorders there is an unusual persistence of fears, with manifestations of fears characteristic of earlier ages. This has a negative impact on the everyday life of the child and the family. An alarming background, anxiety, uncertainty, avoidance, isolation, school dropout are observed.

Often the children have somatic problems – these manifest themselves in the form of abdominal pain, headache and vomiting, leading to long and ineffective studies that additionally cause mental trauma.


Children with emotional and anxiety disorders have been found to have problems both in school achievements and in relationships with peers and their family. They have low self-esteem and their achievements are usually below their capabilities.

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Anxiety disorders in childhood tend to continue in adolescence and even in adulthood.

Children with social anxiety and as adults continue to have anxiety while going to work and generally have avoided behavior towards social situations.

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According to research, the sooner the worrying symptoms begin, the more likely they are to continue in the late stages.

Early treatment , which is expressed in behavioral therapy, is important for prevention and prevention of complications and the development of symptoms at a later age. It is important in the psychotherapy of these conditions that it be led on several fronts – the support is aimed, besides the affected child, but also to pay no less attention to the parents. They should take part in parental training to teach them how to help the child. This also applies to his social environment – the school.

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