The need for quality photo-protection and the underestimation of the damaging power of the sun’s rays is increasingly discussed. Ultraviolet radiation has risen sharply in recent decades and continues to grow at a rapid pace. In direct proportionality with age, the incidence of various malignant skin diseases, the appearance of solar patches (also called aging) on the skin and the advancing photopointing process are increasing.
Every year, the number of cases of skin cancer increases with the number of cases of other malignancies – lung cancer, prostate, gastrointestinal tract (particularly colon) and breast carcinoma.
The so-called chronic skin damage is becoming increasingly common . It is the result of repeated burns over the years, frequent sun exposure without sun protection, and burning of the skin in infancy.
The issue of the increasing incidence of skin cancer is discussed in subjects who have had frequent episodes of burning their skin in their childhood .
According to studies, people with light skin – those with phenotype 1 and 2 (light skin, with a pink tinge, often with freckles, which easily burns even in a short sunshine), make the most care for ensuring high sun protection. Men are less likely to be aware of the choice of a suitable sunscreen.
A large percentage of young people prefer to avoid sun protection and high factors in order to acquire the desired bronze tan more quickly. Risks also lie in solariums, especially in the cases of abusive procedures – when trying to achieve faster results and non-compliance.
The recommendations for choosing a sunscreen product (whether cream, lotion, spray or other) is to include a combination of protection against UVA and UVB rays. Ultraviolet A-rays penetrate deeper into the skin and cause photo-hardening, unlike ultraviolet B-rays that only penetrate the skin’s surface layer and cause acute burns, characterized by redness, warm skin, fever, pain , and in some cases also blisters.
Applying the sunscreen should be up to 30 minutes before direct exposure to the sun to allow the skin to absorb the product. This rule only applies to products based on chemical factors. In contrast, those based on physical factors (containing titanium oxide, zinc oxide) after application to the skin effectively protect without the need for waiting.
Repeated applications of the products are required for sweating after each wash, bathing or entry into the water. It is recommended to repeat it again every two hours after the last application of the product.
The more protruding parts of the body burn much easier, so it is important that they are not missed. Here are the shoulders, chest, nose, forehead, chin. Often the skin of the feet, the area behind the ears as well as the use of a suitable product for the lips. The hair is also damaged by the sun’s rays. In these cases, it is appropriate to use a special hair spray that provides sun protection.
It is important to choose an appropriate factor rather than a high factor at all costs .The protection afforded by factor 15 and factor 50 is not significantly different. For comparison, for Factor 15 it is approximately 93%, as opposed to Factor 50, where it is about 97-98%.
If you have difficulty choosing a suitable sunscreen product, you may want to consult your GP as well, and in rare cases you may need to consult a dermatologist, especially in the context of a specific skin problem.